Skaarup Fudge
DEDICATED TO TP SKAARUP AND HIS RECIPES
INCLUDED HERE

    FUDGE HELPERS & WATER

    TABLE OF FUDGE HELPERS

[from A Simple (Faulted) Recipe - Fantasy Fudge]

We consider the items in GREEN here:
    1 cup Walnuts (chopped)
    Directions:
    ... Add remaining ingredients and mix well.

Fudge Helpers & Water

Helpers are added after the basic fudge has been thrown (mixed)
but before it is tossed (poured). Helpers give your fudge character.
Helpers give your fudge life. The best fudges I've ever tasted were
simple recipes which contained a flavorful combination of Helpers.

But before you go wild adding nuts and twigs to your fudge,
consider
Skaarup's Rule #1 of Fudge:

    - WATER IS THE ENEMY OF YOUR FUDGE -

This shouldn't be an issue for items such as walnuts, almonds,
pecans, and other dry components. But what about cherries? Or
raisins? Or other items which contain water?

Simple. An excessive amount of 'available' water from Helpers can
kill your fudge.

Skaarup's Test for Helper Water:
Place the Helper on a paper towel. If the paper towel gets wet after
compaction there is too much water.

Under this rule raisins should be okay to add to fudge (and they are
okay). Maraschino Cherries would not be okay. So for items such
as orange slices, pineapple slices, apricots, cherries, and other
fruits, my suggestion is to leave them out overnight on the kitchen
sink until dry -or- use dried fruit (trail mix style). "Bulk Foods"
sections of larger grocery stores usually have dried apricots, dates,
pineapple, cherries, and many other fruits.

TABLE OF FUDGE HELPERS

Common fudge helpers are included in the table below:
FUDGE HELPERS
Item
Amount
Flavor
Quality
Comments
Walnuts
1 cup
XXXX
Chop coarsely.
Almonds
3/4 cup
XXX
Chop roasted almonds in
halves or slices. Purchase
pre-sliced almonds - save
yourself trouble.
Pecans
3/4 cup
XXX
Chop coarsely.
Pistachios
3/4 cup
XXX
Chop coarsely.
Cashews
3/4 cup
XXXX
Chop coarsely.
Macadamia
3/4 cup
XXX
Chop coarsely. Expensive.
Mini-
Marshmallows
2 cups
XXXX
Add marshmallows and
nuts immediately before
casting to make an
excellent 'Rocky Road'
fudge. Kids love it! (So do I!)
Raisins
1 cup
XXX
Adds uniquely sweet flavor.
Never used by itself, always
used with nuts, fruit bits or
both.
Cherries
(dried)
3/4 cup
XX
Use dried cherry bits or
chop Maraschino cherries
into 1/8's and let dry
overnight. Cherries go
nicely in white fudges with
walnuts.
Orange Zest
1/2 cup
XXXX
Orange zest is the orange
part of an orange peel. Use
a zesting knife -or- zest can
be made by using a potato
peeler to remove the top
orange layer of the peel
then cut finely into strips
and then chopped.
Pineapple
(dried)
3/4 cup
X
An acquired taste. Too
sugary for me.
Apricot (dried)
3/4 cup
XXXX
Excellent with raisins and
nuts. Cut finely.
Orange (dried)
1 cup
X
A lot like pineapple.
Dates (dried)
1 cup
XX
Dates will soften in the
fudge as it ripens. Best in a
brown sugar or white fudge.
Candied Fruits
1 cup
XXX
Often available during the
Thanksgiving end
Christmas season. Adds
both a unique taste and
color to light colored fudges.
Peanut Butter
(chunky)
1 cup
XXX
Reduce the amount of
butter by 1/2. Add with
Flavor Base. (I recommend
Jif or Skippy Peanut Butter,
avoid generic brands since
the flavor and oil content is
unpredictable.) Note: this is
a Helper Flavor - if you want
a total Peanut Butter Fudge
then substitute 12-16 oz (1
1/2 - 2 cups) of Chunky
Peanut Butter for the
chocolate or vanilla chips.
Butter Fingers
4-5
XXX
Use four to five 2 oz Butter
Finger candy bars coarsely
chopped. Adds a unique
texture as well as flavor.
Rice Krispies
2 cups
XXX
Adds a light flavor and open
air texture.
Trail Mix (dried)
1-1.5
cups
XXX
Try to avoid Trail Mix which
contains coconut (unless
you like it). Good mixtures
contain apricot, pineapple,
mango, and the like.
Mango (dried)
1 cup
XXXX
Excellent taste with any
fudge.
M & M Mini's
(Milk
Chocolate)
1 cup
XXX
M & M Miniatures are sold
in Milk Chocolate and Semi-
Sweet varieties. The candy
coating isn't guaranteed
(“melts in your mouth”) so
this should be added
immediately before casting.
Save 1/4 of the M&M’s to
sprinkle on the top of the
cast fudge. Especially
festive in White Fudge.
Nestles
Crunch Pieces
11 oz
XXX
Nestle’s Crunch candy bar
is also sold in miniature
bits (in packaging similar to
chocolate chips). I
recommend using only in a
chocolate fudge.
Heath
Crunchies
6-8 oz
XXX
Heath’s Toffee is also sold
in nuggets which can be
added to a unique crunchy
quality to chocolate fudge.
One very nice trick with nuts is to keep about 24-30 nut halves
unchopped. After casting the fudge and setting has begun, score
the fudge where you intend to cut. Then place a nut half on each
square. A nice artistic touch.

Walnuts vs. Pecans. Look, I like pecans better than walnuts or
almonds. But in fudge, walnuts are still the standard. Pecans just
don't have the flavor and texture when chopped as they do when
whole. Almonds go better in the lighter colored fudges (Opera
Fudge, White Chocolate Fudge, White Chip Fudge).

Helpers can be used in singly or in combinations. However, the
total volume of Optional Helpers should not exceed 2.5 - 3 cups.
Remember, Helpers will expand the volume of your fudge so you
should fill a glass 13" x 9” pan easily.

NEXT   -   TURNING OUT THE FUDGE

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